Chitral Valley

Historical Chitral: The valley of Chitral in the NWFP now Khyber Pakhtoonkhaw is a fascinating combination of scenic beauty and cultural diversity, under the shadows of Tirichmir in the Hindukush mountain range. The land of apples, apricots, pears and pomegranates, Chitral stretches from 1,094m to 7778m above sea level (ASL) at Tirichmir Peak. With its collection of rugged mountains, gushing rivers, hot springs, and fruit-laden orchards, Chitral truly is an enchanting part of Pakistan.

The entire valley in linked  borders with Afghanistan in the north and west, with a small  Afghan which separating it from Tajikistan, and Dir Kohistan in the south and Gilgit in the east. Chitral valley is  accessed by  several mountain passes, the most famous being the Lowari Top crossing the Hindu Raj in the south and the Shandur Pass  forming the eastern gateway from Gilgit. 

 

This beautiful valley is situated on the main crossroad to Central Asia, Chitral has a long and fascinating history. In fact, it is this strategic location that compelled invaders to capture it before any other area in the region. The recorded history of Chitral begins with the Tibetans invading Yasin Valley in early 8th century AD, followed by the Chinese in 750 AD and the Buddhists in 900 AD. Later, the Kalash also ruled Chitral for decades.

On 14th century, Chitral valley was got the  status of unified independent kingdom which was ruled by Shah Nasir Rais. In 1570, the Rais dynasty was replaced by the Katoor dynasty. From 1857 to 1892 its was ruled by the  well known mehtar of Chitral Aman-ul-Mulk. In 1895, the siege of Chitral Fort took place and remained an independent status under Britisher. Al lastly in 1969 it was merged into Pakistan. Now this valley is part of Pakistan with new province namely Gilgit-Baltistan.

Presently the Chitral valley have ancient Chitrali Tribes which are also known  as nomads they were invited by the mehtars to settle in the state. This valley is also home to the ancient pagan tribe of the Kalash, now they settled to three valleys of Bamburat, Rambur and Birir. The  Chitral valley is covered a by  a huge area, its borders approached to Badakhshan and Bashqal in the north-west and Kunar Valley in the south. In addition, the state extended to Sherqilla on its north-eastern front and which lies in Gilgit valley.

The natural and cultural heritage of Chitral valley also attracts the most of national and international travelers for trekking adventure via top peaks and mountains, snow-covered peaks, lush green meadows and crystal clear streams of this valley with  rare species of plants, animals and birds, which attracts the tourist to stay and watch the natural beauty of Pakistan.

 

 

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