The Geography & Climate of Gilgit-Baltistan is very interesting and beautiful by its area to area and region to region on its borders the Wakhan corridor of Afghanistan to the northwest, China’s Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the northeast, on its south and southeast the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir , in the south the Pakistani-controlled state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir , and in the west Pakistan’s North-West Frontier Province now Khyber Pakhtoonkhawa province.
Gilgit-Baltistan is also the best and highest and dangerous home to five of the “eight-thousanders” and to more than 50 peaks above 7000 meters. Gilgit and Skardu are the two main hubs for expeditions to those mountains. The region is also attracts the tourists as home of the world’s highest mountain ranges—the main ranges are the Karakoram and the western Himalayas. The Pamir mountains are to the north, and the Hindu Kush lies to the west. Amongst the highest mountains are K2 (Mount Godwin-Austen) and Nanga Parbat, the latter being one of the most feared mountains in the world.
Three of the world’s longest glaciers outside the polar regions are found in Gilgit-Baltistan — the Biafo Glacier, the Baltoro Glacier, and the Batura Glacier. There are, in addition, several high-altitude lakes in Gilgit-Baltistan:
Sheosar Lake in Deosai Plains – Astore region
Satpara Tso Lake in Skardu – Baltistan
Katzura Tso Lake in Skardu – Baltistan
Zharba Tso Lake in Shigar – Baltistan
Phoroq Tso Lake in Skardu – Baltistan
Bara Tso Lake in Gangche – Baltistan
Byarsa Tso Lake in Gultari – Baltistan
Borith Lake in Gojal upper Hunza – Gilgit
Rama Lake near Astore
Rush Lake near Nagar – Gilgit
Kromber Lake In Kromber Pass – Ishkoman Valley, Ghizer District
Barodaroksh lake in Bar valley Nagar
There are many plans the most beautiful is Deosai Plains, are located above the tree line and most attractive and constitute the second-highest plateau in the world at 4,115 meters after Tibet. This beautiful plateau lies east of Astore,valley south of Skardu and west of Ladakh. This heaven on earth area was declared as a national park in 1993. The Deosai Plains cover almost 5,000 square kilometers area of this beautiful plain. In September and May, Deosai is snow-bound and cut off from entire Astore & Baltistan in winters. The village of Deosai lies close to Chilum chokki and is connected with the Kargil district of Ladakh through an all-weather road. which also attracts national as well as foreign tourists around the world.